Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many linked types of clothing originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they soon fell out of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."
Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia muske pidzame and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.
Some pajamas element a fall seat (also called a entice doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, built to allow the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They may be somewhat rare.
Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are lots of versions in model which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by small children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume top rated around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.